Jurnal Didaktika Pendidikan Dasar https://ojsdikdas.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/didaktika <div class="pkp_structure_main" role="main"> <div class="page page_issue"> <div class="obj_issue_toc"> <div class="heading"> <div class="description"> <p>Jurnal Didaktika Pendidikan Dasar is a leading peer-reviewed and open-access journal. This journal is published by the Directorate of Basic Education GTK, Kemdikbud RI., and published three times a year (March, July, and November). The main objective is to publish scientific papers in the field of basic education from teachers, school principals, supervisors, and education staff as well as observers of basic education.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> en-US <div>All materials published by Jurnal Didaktika Pend Pendidikan Dasar are licensed under the <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Creative Commons 4.0 International License (CC-BY-SA)</a> or an equivalent license as the optimal license for the publication, distribution, use, and reuse of scientific works. Access permissions outside the scope of this license may be available in digital libraries and open access journal databases.</div> ojsdikdas@gmail.com (Ir. Moch Abduh, MS.Ed., Ph.D.) tabraniza@scadindependent.org (Tabrani. ZA, S.Pd.I., M.S.I., MA) Thu, 30 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Analisis ANALISIS KESIAPAN GURU DALAM PENERAPAN KURIKULUM MERDEKA https://ojsdikdas.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/didaktika/article/view/1191 <p><em>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kesiapan guru dalam penerapan kurikulum merdeka. Jenis penelitian ini yaitu deskriptif kualitatif. Subjek dalam penelitian ini berjumlah 2 orang yang merupakan guru mapel matematika kelas 7A dan mapel matematika kelas 7C di SMP Negeri 4 Warungkiara. Instrumen yang digunakan yaitu berupa pedoman wawancara dan dokumentasi. Analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah analisis data kualitatif, yaitu merangkum hasil data wawancara yang sudah dideskripsikan. hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pada secara keseluruhan guru masih belum siap dalam menerapkan kurikulum merdeka. Masih kurang pemahaman terkait struktur kurikulum merdeka dan masih perlu pelatihan terkait penyusunan modul ajar serta penilaian pembelajaran pada kurkulum merdeka.</em></p> Nurbandiyah Nurbandiyah Copyright (c) https://ojsdikdas.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/didaktika/article/view/1191 METODE PROJECT-BASED LEARNING UNTUK MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR IPA MATERI SIKLUS AIR UNTUK SISWA KELAS V SD https://ojsdikdas.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/didaktika/article/view/1190 <p><em>This study aims to examine to what extent that Project-Based Learning improves student learning outcomes in learning science about water cycles. This is a classroom action &nbsp;research with two cycles conducted in the fifth grade class in an private primary school. The author collected data by conducting evaluation tests and classroom observation in learning the water cycle material. The instruments used are evaluation test and observation sheets. To analyze the data in this study using qualitative and quantitative data analysis techniques. The findings show that there is an increase in learning outcomes from cycle 1 and cycle 2. These findings indicate that the application of project-based learning for the water cycle material in science subjects has proven effective in increasing learning outcomes and students’ participation. The results can certainly be used by primary school teachers as a reference in teaching water cycle material or other related mareials in science subjects. In addition, of course, this study reports on how to apply empirically the application of project-based learning as a variation of student-centered learning methods and promote student participation and collaboration, especially in science subjects.</em></p> Tria nency Copyright (c) https://ojsdikdas.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/didaktika/article/view/1190 EFEKTIVITAS AKUN BELAJAR.ID PADA IMPLEMENTASI KURIKULUM MERDEKA BAGI PENDIDIK DAN TENAGA KEPENDIDIKAN KOTA TANGERANG https://ojsdikdas.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/didaktika/article/view/1188 <p><em>The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the belajar.id account on the implementation of an independent curriculum for educators and education personnel in Tangerang City. The respondents of this study were school supervisors, headmasters, educators, and education staff in all sub-districts in Tangerang city with a total of 1.171 respondents. The method used is a survey method with a written questionnaire via Google Form. An interesting finding from this study is that the belajar.id account usage policy has been effective, as evidenced by the following facts: (1) respondents already use (90,8%) belajar.id account for daily activities (72,3% ), with varying frequency of use; (2) Utilization of a belajar.id account is not only focused on one tool, but varies on several tools: (3) Training on the use of a belajar.id account is obtained through transfer of knowledge from colleagues, and so on. Support from the government is still needed to further expand the use of the belajar.id account, because there are still respondents who have not received socialization about the belajar.id account. </em></p> Dyah Sinto Rini Dyah Sinto Rini Copyright (c) https://ojsdikdas.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/didaktika/article/view/1188 IMPROVING LITERACY ABILITY THROUGH E-MODULE MEDIA-BASED PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING MODEL https://ojsdikdas.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/didaktika/article/view/1187 <p><em>This Collaborative Class Action Research aims to improve the reading literacy skills of fourth grade students at Mlarak Public Elementary School, Ponorogo Regency through a Problem Based Learning (PBL) model was carried out in the Science Subject Chapter 7 Material on Meeds with a total of 11 students, with details of 3 male students and 8 female students. Class Action Research at SD Negeri Mlarak Ponorogo Regency was conducted in 3 cycles. This classroom Action Research was conducted to address the problem of low reading literacy in grade IV students at SD Negeri Mlarak, Ponorogo Regency. The results showed that increasing the reading literacy skills of fourth grade students through the Problem Based Learning (PBL) model based on e-module media in the Science Subjects achieved the following completeness percentages: The percentage of completeness in pre-cycle learning activities was 37.51%, cycle I was 57.14%, the second cycle is 77.20%, and the third cycle is 92.18%.</em></p> Lia Apriliana Copyright (c) https://ojsdikdas.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/didaktika/article/view/1187 IMPROVING LEARNING OUTCOMES THROUGH CANVA DIGITAL MEDIA-BASED PROBLEM-BASED LERANING MODEL https://ojsdikdas.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/didaktika/article/view/1186 <p><em>This Collaborative Classroom Action Research aims to improve the learning outcomes of Grade IV students at SD Negeri Kutukulon through the Problem Based Learning (PBL) model through digital media based on Canva. This research was conducted in the Science Science subject Chapter 7 Material on Human Needs as a Priority with a total of 7 students with details of 3 male students and 4 female students. Collaborative Classroom Action Research at Kutukuon State Elementary School was conducted in 3 cycles. This Collaborative Classroom Action Research was conducted to overcome the problem of low learning outcomes of fourth grade students at Kutukuon Public Elementary School. The results showed that the increase in learning outcomes for class IV students through the Problem Based Learning (PBL) model through Canva-based digital media in the Science subjects achieved a completeness percentage, namely the Completeness Percentage in pre-cycle learning activities 14%, cycle 1 was 43%, cycle 2 was 71 %, and cycle 3 is 86%.</em></p> <p><em>Keywords : Learning Outcomes; Problem Based Learing; Digital Media Canva</em></p> Zakiya Amalia Copyright (c) https://ojsdikdas.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/didaktika/article/view/1186 ANALISIS KONDISI POST TRAUMA STRESS DISORDER (PTSD) PADA SISWA KELAS V SDN 2 KARANGSAMBUNG https://ojsdikdas.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/didaktika/article/view/1185 <p>Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is defined as a life-threatening event that <br>gets a threat to the physical, causing fear, helplessness, or a sense of grip. This study <br>aims to analyze the condition of PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) in grade V <br>students at SDN 2 Karangsambung with a total of 30 people. This research process <br>consists of: 1) instrument preparation, 2) data dissemination and collection, 3) <br>conducting data analysis. The data collection technique is a closed questionnaire. <br>The aspects in the questionnaire are: 1) respondent information, 2) 5 types of <br>physical, emotional, mental, behavioral, and spiritual symptoms, 3) diagnostic <br>criteria for post-traumatic anxiety. The results revealed that the most traumatic <br>barriers experienced by respondents were overshadowed by trauma, while the type of <br>trauma experienced by respondents the least was self-isolation. Some of the things <br>that cause PTSD: experiencing long-term trauma, having a family member who <br>has PTSD or mental disorders, having experienced a traumatic event, suffering from <br>mental disorders, certain aspects of personality or or temperament, professions that <br>give rise to a person's potential to experience traumatic events, and lack ofsupport <br>from family and friends.</p> Siti Amalia Hanipah, Dinda Fadia Az Zahra, Salma Apriyani Salsabila, Nuraly Masum Aprily Copyright (c) https://ojsdikdas.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/didaktika/article/view/1185 ANALISIS BUTIR SOAL PILIHAN GANDA KELAS V SEKOLAH DASAR NEGERI BUAH GEDE KOTA SERANG https://ojsdikdas.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/didaktika/article/view/1184 <p><em>Creating questions is not the end of the assessment process; the constructed instruments must also undergo a phase of question quality analysis before being given to students. The quality of the test items can be determined by analyzing each item, allowing teachers to assess the quality of each item and the students' abilities, thereby ensuring that the test items are suitable for the average student's abilities. The purpose of this research is to analyze the test items for fifth-grade students in elementary school, focusing on the characteristics of the items based on difficulty level, item discrimination, and distractor function. This study utilizes a descriptive quantitative method, with 35 fifth-grade students from Buah Gede Public Elementary School in the city of Serang serving as the research subjects. The analyzed instrument consists of 15 multiple-choice items with four answer choices. The data analysis technique is used to examine the characteristics of the test items based on difficulty level, item discrimination, and distractor function. Data collection is conducted through documentation methods such as test papers and student response sheets. The results indicate that the difficulty level falls into the moderate category, the item discrimination is considered good, and the distractors function well. These findings suggest that the constructed questions can be categorized as good</em></p> dwi ambar sari Copyright (c) https://ojsdikdas.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/didaktika/article/view/1184 Analisis Butir Soal Analisis Butir Soal Secara Kuantitatif Pada Pembelajaran Tematik Kelas 3 Tema 6 Di SDN Bantar Panjang https://ojsdikdas.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/didaktika/article/view/1183 <p><em>The test item analysis instrument aims to analyze the item test items for class 3. Observation activities are carried out for class 3 students at SDN Bantar Panjang. The method used is descriptive quantitative. This method was used to analyze data and describe the characteristics of the thematic class 3 theme 6 item items at SDN Bantar Panjang. The researcher tested the test instrument using 15 items made by the research team and the target subjects for observation were class 3 students at SDN Bantar Panjang in Cikeusal Village, Serang Regency, Banten with 40 students. The results of the observation activities for these students are so that we as researchers understand how to analyze the items correctly according to the formula that has been stated. The analysis of these items was carried out in a quantitative way to see the level of difficulty, discriminating power, and the functioning of the distractor.&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</em></p> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td width="417"> <p><em>Item analysis; Test instruments</em></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Rossy Anggriyani Copyright (c) https://ojsdikdas.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/didaktika/article/view/1183 The PENGARUH PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN COURSE REVIEW HORAY BERBANTUAN POWERPOINT INTERAKTIF TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR MATEMATIKA KELAS V SDN 14/I SUNGAI BAUNG https://ojsdikdas.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/didaktika/article/view/1182 <p>The purpose of this study was to find out how the effect of the application of the Course Review Horay learning model assisted by interactive PowerPoint on the mathematics learning outcomes of fifth grade students at SDN 14/I Sungai Baung. This research method is a quantitative method, the type of research used is a pre-experimental design with a one-group pretest-posttest research design. This research was conducted at SDN 14/I Sungai Baung in March 2023. The research data was obtained by: (1) VA class students were given a pre-test, (2) VA class as an experimental class was given treatment in the form of applying the course learning model horay review assisted by interactive powerpoint, (3) the VA class was given a final test (post-test) regarding data presentation material. The results of the study show that the application of the Course Review Horay learning model assisted by interactive powerpoints has an effect on the mathematics learning outcomes of students in class V SDN 14/I Sungai Baung. This is indicated by the difference between the average pre-test results of the experimental class (54.29) and the average post-test results of the experimental class (80.48).</p> Cahya Yuliana Copyright (c) https://ojsdikdas.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/didaktika/article/view/1182 PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KONTEKSTUAL UNTUK MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR MATEMATIKA MATERI PECAHAN SENILAI PADA SISWA KELAS III SDN KETRO https://ojsdikdas.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/didaktika/article/view/1181 <p><em>This study aims to determine the effect of applying and increasing learning outcomes through contextual learning models in grade 3 (three) students of SDN Ketro. This research method is classroom action research with two cycles. Each cycle consists of four stages, namely planning, implementation, cycle testing, and reflection. Techniques for collecting data are observation, tests, and documentation. The class average score on the initial test was 55 with a learning completeness percentage of 28.57%. In cycle I, the average score rose to 67.8 with a completeness percentage of 57.1%. In cycle II, the average value rose again to 83.57 with a percentage of 85.7%. Based on the results of this study, it is known that the contextual learning model can improve student learning outcomes in equivalent fraction material in class III students of SDN Ketro.</em></p> Elvara Norma Aroyandini, Dewi Nirmala Sari Copyright (c) https://ojsdikdas.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/didaktika/article/view/1181 PENGEMBANGAN MODUL AJAR BERBASIS KURIKULUM MERDEKA Pada Murid Kelas 1 SD/MI Materi “Aku Anak Patuh Aturan “ https://ojsdikdas.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/didaktika/article/view/1180 <p>Tujuan Pendidikan yang dikembangan melalui modul ajar kurikulum Merdeka. Modul pengajaran adalah badan kursus independen yang menggantikan rencana pengajaran. Modul pengajaran mata kuliah mandiri menggantikan RPP yang bentuk dan sifatnya beragam, meliputi materi/isi pembelajaran, metode pembelajaran, teknik interpretasi dan penilaian, yang disusun secara sistematis dan memukau untuk mencapai indikator keberhasilan yang diinginkan. Guru mengembangkan modul pembelajaran sebelum pembelajaran di kelas. Salah satu fungsi modul ajar adalah untuk mengurangi beban guru dalam menyajikan materi, sehingga guru memiliki banyak waktu untuk menjadi tutor dan membantu siswa dalam proses pembelajaran</p> nurul fitria Copyright (c) https://ojsdikdas.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/didaktika/article/view/1180 PENGEMBANGAN MODUL AJAR BERBASIS KURIKULUM MERDEKA Pada Murid Kelas 1 SD/MI Materi “Aku Anak Patuh Aturan “ https://ojsdikdas.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/didaktika/article/view/1179 <p>Educational goals developed through the Merdeka curriculum teaching module. Teaching modules are independent course bodies that replace teaching plans. Independent subject teaching modules replace lesson plans which are diverse in form and nature, including learning material/content, learning methods, interpretation and assessment techniques, which are arranged in a systematic and riveting manner to achieve the desired indicators of success. The teacher develops learning modules before learning in class. One of the functions of the teaching module is to reduce the teacher's burden in presenting material, so that the teacher has plenty of time to become a tutor and assist students in the learning process.</p> <p><em>Keywords: module, teaching, learning, developing</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> nurul fitria Copyright (c) https://ojsdikdas.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/didaktika/article/view/1179 PENGARUH MANAJEMEN KELAS TERHADAP EFEKTIVITAS KEGIATAN BELAJAR SISWA https://ojsdikdas.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/didaktika/article/view/1178 <p>Abstract <br>Classroom management is an aspect of education that is often the main concern of professional <br>teachers, teachers play a major role in educational development, especially those held formally in <br>schools. Teachers also greatly determine the success of students, especially those related to the <br>learning process. As professionals in addition to carrying out knowledge transfer activities, <br>widyaiswara also really needs to carry out classroom management activities so that it will create and <br>maintain a comfortable and exciting classroom atmosphere so that the learning process takes place <br>effectively and efficiently and optimally (Stevick, 1991). Without good Classroom Management, <br>effective learning will not be achieved.</p> Elsha Yohana Copyright (c) https://ojsdikdas.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/didaktika/article/view/1178 Indonesian KESULITAN PESERTA DIDIK DALAM PEMBELAJARAN MATEMATIKA MATERI PERKALIAN DAN PEMBAGIAN DI SD https://ojsdikdas.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/didaktika/article/view/1177 <p>&nbsp;</p> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td width="482"> <p><em>This research was conducted to find out the analysis of students' difficulties learning mathematics on multiplication and division&nbsp; elementary school. The method used is the method of literature study. This study shows that the difficulties faced by students in learning mathematics on multiplication and division in elementary school. After conducting a literature study by analyzing various reference sources, it was found that students had difficulties in learning mathematics on multiplication and division in elementary school, namely the lack of motivation to learn, the use of the wrong process, difficulties in calculations, difficulties in understanding concepts, difficulty in place value, lack of thoroughness, difficulties in distinguishing arithmetic operation symbols, students have not memorized multiplication and division, students feel bored when learning multiplication and division, students cannot yet understand math word problems, students do not know the first steps to work on math story problems, students lack careful in counting, students don't focus when learning and students have misconceptions about multiplication and division. Then steps&nbsp; can be taken to overcome students' difficulties in learning mathematics on multiplication and division material in elementary schools are that teachers can do multiplication material learning by memorizing multiplication 15 minutes before starting learning, using the singing method, and using jarimatics, using fun learning models , teachers need to motivate students to increase their interest in learning in class. Then the thing can be done by parents at home in overcoming students' learning difficulties in multiplication and division material to help students complete their assignments at home.</em></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p>&nbsp;</p> Jesika Sihombing Copyright (c) https://ojsdikdas.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/didaktika/article/view/1177 Analysis Analysis of the Implementation of the Independent Learning Curriculum at SD Negeri Telang 2 https://ojsdikdas.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/didaktika/article/view/1176 <p>This research is to find out and examine of analysis Independent Learning Curriculum at SD Negeri Telang 2, of 2022/2023 school year academic. The subject of the research is a principal of SD Negeri Telang 2. The research was carried out in SD Negeri Telang 2 which located at Telang Village, Kamal Subdistrict, Bangkalan District, Madura. This type of research is a qualitative research and data collection was carried out by interview method, documentation, and study literature. The data analysis techniques was used Miles and Huberman (1990:20) with several method are data collection, data presentation, data reduction and verification/conclusion. The results of this research about implementation of the Independent Learning Curriculum at SD Negeri Telang 2 has touched on various aspects of learning, including the learning system, learning tools, the obstacles faced by teachers and students, as well as an overview of the implementation of the four main policy points of the Free Learning Curriculum. The implementation of the Independent Learning Curriculum at SD NegerivTelang 2, was good, especially in its early implementation, which started in the new 2022/2023 school year academic.</p> bella vascha Copyright (c) https://ojsdikdas.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/didaktika/article/view/1176